Symptoms, causes & treatments ofPolycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age. In this women can get during their childbearing years. Women with PCOS may have infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods or excess male hormone (androgen) levels. The ovaries may develop numerous small collections of fluid (follicles) and fail to regularly release eggs.

How many women are affected by PCOS?

Between 2.2 and 26.7 percent of women in this age group have PCOS. Many women have PCOS but don’t know it. In one study, up to 70 percent of women with PCOS hadn’t been diagnosed.
AGE: 40-70

Cause of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS):

The exact cause of PCOS isn’t known. Factors that might play a role include:

  • Excess of insulin: If your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, then your blood sugar levels can rise and your body might produce more insulin. Excess insulin might increase androgen production, causing difficulty with ovulation.
  • Low-grade inflammation: Research has shown that women with PCOS have a type of low-grade inflammation that stimulates polycystic ovaries to produce androgens, which can lead to heart and blood vessel problems.
  • Heredity: Research suggests that certain genes might be linked to PCOS.
    Excess androgen. The ovaries produce abnormally high levels of androgen, resulting in hirsutism and acne.

Symptoms of Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS):

The most common PCOS symptoms are missed, irregular, infrequent, or prolonged periods. Excess androgens can cause hair loss, hair in places you don’t want it (like on your face), and acne. Other symptoms include:

Pregnancy and PCOS:

  • PCOS interrupts the normal menstrual cycle and makes it harder to get pregnant. Between 70 and 75 % of women with PCOS have fertility problems.
  • This condition can also increase the risk for pregnancy complications. Women with PCOS are twice as likely as women without the condition to deliver their children prematurely. They’re also at greater risk for miscarriage, high blood pressure, and gestational diabetes.
  • However, women with PCOS can get pregnant using fertility treatments that improve ovulation by consulting our expert gynecologists’.

Treatments to Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS):

1. Exercise

Pcos is curable through proper exercise and yoga. But the appropriate pyrones treatment exercises are needed to be done otherwise it may be harmful for your body. Consult with our Experts & get the correct exercise and yoga.

2. Nutrition

Rather than exercise & yoga proper nutrition and diet are also played a vital role to cure bent penis problem. A proper food and supplements makes your body healthy which helps you to get out from depression.  Consult with our experts Now!

3. Expert consultation

You couldn’t do all this by your own. Expert’s consultation is very much essential. Otherwise it may be dangerous for you. Our experts can consult with you and know all the details. Then only with their advice you can start proper diet & exercise.

4. Medicine

Our experts don’t prescribe medicine at the very 1st time, If the improvement begins with experts consultation then it is very good for the patient but if some problem is there then after a proper decision, they will prescribe you the right medicine.

Common medical treatments:

Birth control pills and other medicines can be help in regulate the menstrual cycle & treat PCOS symptoms like hair growth and acnes.

Birth control:
Taking estrogen and progastrin daily can restore a normal hormone balance, regulate ovulation, relieve symptoms like excess hair growth, acnes & protect against endometrial cancer. These hormones come in a vaginal ring pill, or patch.

Metformin (Glucophage, Fortinet) is a drug used to treat type 2 diabetes. It also treats PCOS by improving insulin levels in your body.

Hair wax medicines:
A few treatments can help get rid of unwanted hair or stop it from growing. Laser hair removal and electrolysis can get rid of unwanted hair on your face and body.

Surgery can be an option to improve fertility if other treatments don’t work. Ovarian drilling is a procedure that makes tiny holes in the ovary with a laser or thin heated needle to restore normal ovulation.

When to see an expert?

You need to consult with an expert if

  • You’ve missed periods and you’re not pregnant.
  • You have symptoms of PCOS, such as hair growth on your face and body.
  • You’ve been trying to get pregnant for more than 12-24 months but haven’t been successful.
  • You have symptoms of diabetes, such as excess thirst or hunger, blurred vision, or unexplained weight loss.

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