Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), or sexually transmitted infections (STIs), are generally acquired by sexual contact. The organisms that cause sexually transmitted diseases may pass from person to person in blood, semen, or vaginal and other bodily fluids. Sometimes these infections can be transmitted nonsexualy, such as from mother to infant during pregnancy or childbirth, or through blood transfusions or shared needles. It’s possible to contract sexually transmitted diseases from people who seem perfectly healthy, and who may not even be aware of the infection.
Anyone who is sexually active risks exposure to a sexually transmitted infection to some degree. Factors that may increase that risk include:
Viruses & Bacteria: Sexually transmitted infections can be caused by: Bacteria (gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia), Parasites (trichomoniasis), Viruses (human papillomavirus, genital herpes, HIV). It is also possible to be infected without sexual contact. Examples include the hepatitis A, B and C.
Having unprotected sex: Vaginal or anal penetration by an infected partner who isn’t wearing a latex condom significantly increases the risk of getting an STI. Improper or inconsistent use of condoms can also increase your risk.
Having sexual contact with multiple partners: The more people you have sexual contact with, the greater your risk. This is true for concurrent partners as well as monogamous consecutive relationships.
Abusing alcohol or using recreational drugs: Substance abuse can inhibit your judgment, making you more willing to participate in risky behaviors.
Injecting drugs: Needle sharing spreads many serious infections, including HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C.
Having a history of STI: Having one STI makes it much easier for another STI to take hold.
Gonorrhea: Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection caused by the organism Neisseria gonorrheae (also known as gonococcus bacteriae) that is transmitted by sexual contact. Gonorrhea is one of the oldest STD.
Chlamydia: Chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis) is a bacterium that causes an infection that is very similar to gonorrhea in the way that it is spread and the symptoms it produces. It is common & has no syndromes actually.
Syphilis: Syphilis is an STD that has been around for centuries. It is caused by a bacterial organism called a spirochete. The spirochete is a wormlike, spiral-shaped organism that wiggles vigorously when viewed under a microscope.
Human papillomaviruses: HPV infection is common and does not usually lead to the development of warts, cancers, or specific symptoms. In fact, the majority of people infected with HPV have no symptoms or lesions at all.
Chancroid: Chancroid is an infection caused by the bacterium Hemophilus ducreyi, which is passed from one sexual partner to another. It begins in a sexually exposed area of the genital skin. most commonly the penis and vulva.
HIV and AIDS: Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) weakens the body’s immune system and increases the body’s vulnerability to many different infections, as well as the development of certain cancers.
Hepatitis B: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a virus that causes inflammation of the liver. Most people do not think of hepatitis as a STI; however, one of the more common modes of the spread of viral hepatitis B is through intimate sexual contact.
Hepatitis C: Hepatitis C is liver inflammation (hepatitis) that is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The HCV causes acute and chronic viral hepatitis C. Unlike hepatitis B, however, hepatitis C is infrequently transmitted sexually.
STD is now a very common an unfortunate thing that affects mostly our young generation between 15-30 years of age. How to prevent std? is a common question that everyone should know. But before that everyone should understand types of sexually transmitted diseases and how do STDs start ? Sexually transmitted diseases pictures and information is now available everywhere only you have to understand how to prevent those diseases. There are some STDs that cannot be cured but most of STDs & STIs can be cured by several ways. There is a common question: can you get STDs from kissing ? But experts says it’s depends, sometime there is a less chance and sometime not. So, if you are facing STD symptoms in men or women then don’t be late or hiding it, consult with our experts and get the permanent solution.
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