For some women, the vaginal muscles involuntarily or persistently contract when they attempt vaginal penetration. This is called vaginismus. The contractions can prevent sexual intercourse or make it very painful. Vaginismus is a condition involving a muscle spasm in the pelvic floor muscles. It can make it painful, difficult, or impossible to have sexual intercourse. The most common muscle group affected is the pubococcygeus (PC) muscle group. These muscles are responsible for urination, intercourse, orgasm, bowel movements and childbirth. Without treatment, it can lead to frustration and distress, and it may get worse. However, treatment is possible.
Vaginismus affects women in different ages, depend upon the age factor vaginismus have different types, include:
It is often experienced by women during their first attempt at intercourse. The male partner is unable to insert his penis into the vagina. This is a lifetime condition in which the pain has always been present.
There are several physical & psychological causes that are responsible for secondary vaginismus such as: an infection, menopause, a traumatic event, development of a medical condition, relationship issues, surgery, or childbirth. This develops after a woman has already experienced normal sexual function. It has not always been present. It can occur at any stage of life, and it may not have happened before.
In this situation vaginismus will always present and it can be triggered by any object.
In this situation women may face vaginismus during the sex but not at the time of gynecological exams.